[考研经验]18华科外国语言学及应用语言学考研真题回忆+经验

华科大考研联盟2019-02-10 11:28:43

【写在前面】

感谢一年来帮助过我的学长学姐 和朋友们的鼓励 凡事只要下定决心就要好好去做 希望19年的学弟学妹们取得更好的成绩~

【经验】

参考书目篇:616基础英语:

《高级英语》张汉熙修订本重排版(一二册课本+一二册精读精解)

那本出了好多年的GRE全真模拟试题集今年不出啦,上了考场有些懵,但阅读这板块大家还是要做好基本功啊~

861英语专业综合:

语言学:

Yule The Study of Language 语言研究

PooleAn Introduction to Linguistics 语言学入门

学习方式:戴炜栋《新编简明英语语言学教程》+胡壮麟《语言学教程》+Yule红皮的The Study of Language+星火精梳精炼语言学,这四本书结合起来,名词解释一定要背,不能懒,然后就是语言学真的要理解,今年的题考的超级活啊,专业综合的分也蛮高的。

文学(共四本):

①《英国文学选读》王守仁第三版;

②《美国文学选读》陶洁第三版;

③《英国文学简史》刘炳善新增订本;

④《美国文学简史》常耀信第三版

学弟学妹们还是最好注重一下平时的文学赏析能力 ,要会分析,注意总结,很多内容都在历年真题里考过,比如盖茨比和简爱什么的,还有红字

法语:简明法语教程上下册+大学法语考研必备 法语只能说好好记单词 好好做题 真的不难的 考个80就可以啦~

18真题回忆

一。基础英语

1. 张汉熙的高级英语上下册(重排版),paraphrase10分都是出自课文,单词只记得swagger, mores, self-contained, revere, implore

2. paraphrase一句是马克吐温的the instant riches of a mining ... mightier than his pickax;一句是no signpostsdismissive as a pharisee 那句;一句是sad young menwe had reached an international stature that ... by the Atlantic and the Pacific. 另外两句想不起来了。总之课文要下蛮大功夫,尤其是paraphrase,很多句子你自以为看懂了其实并没有,时间充裕的话就对着课文把重点句子好好过几遍,在这个过程中单词也顺带着记了。不光会考课后习题,也会考到配套参考书课文讲解的句子,特别注意带修辞的,什么借代隐喻这些句子,往年考过的句子也可能重复考到。

3. 选词填空那题貌似是嘉丽妹妹的短篇,每年这题都拿捏不定的,可以练练三笔的cloze,就是考察基本功吧~

4. 阅读理解,非常遗憾的是这次没有出那本蓝色GRE题库里的题了,我还记了蛮久答案的……这次四篇应该都是GRE类型的,我在网上查到了两篇,另外两篇印象不深了。大家可以多练练GRE阅读了,跟专八阅读还是区别很大的,需要一定的单词量和逻辑分析能力,特别是要加快阅读做题的速度。

5. 让人震惊的是今年的汉译英和去年的出自同一篇文章啊!这篇文章出自《散文佳作108篇》英汉对照第28Mayhew

The lives of most men are determined by their environment. They accept the circumstances amid which fate has thrown them not only with resignation but even with good will. They are like streetcars running contentedly on their rails and they despise the sprightly flivver that dashes in and out of the traffic and speeds so jauntily across the open country. I respect them;they are good citizens, good husbands, and good fathers, and of course somebody has to pay the taxes; but I do not find them exciting. I am fascinated by the men, few enough in all conscience, who take life in their own hands and seem to mould it to their own liking. It may be that we have no such thing as free will, but at all events we have the illusion of it. At across road it does seem to us that we might go either to the right or the left and, the choice once made, it is difficult to see that the whole course of the world\'s history obliged us to take the turning we did.

下面这段和去年是重复的For fourteen years he toiled unremittingly. He made thousands and thousands of notes. He sorted and classified them. He had his subject at his finger ends, and at last was ready to begin. He sat down to write. He died.

That vast accumulation of knowledge is lost for ever. Vain was that ambition,surely not an ignoble one, to set his name beside those of -Gibbon and Mommsen . His memory is treasured in the hearts of a few friends, fewer,alas! as the years pass on, and to the world he is unknown in death as he was in life.

6. 作文是给一段材料,关于social network and the elderly。作文还是要平时多练多磨练语言技巧啊 不然到时候没话说~

二。文学

名词解释: local color, humanism, romance, transcendentalism, the beat writers

然后诗歌部分:

1. sonnet 18 作者名诗歌名,最后一句this指代,解释最后三句;

2. I wandered lonely as a cloud 作者名诗歌名,rhyme scheme,分析修辞;

3. a psalm of life第二节 作者名诗歌名(这位大兄弟中间名是wadsworth, 我写成wordsworth,大家别犯我这种低级错误),rhyme scheme,第三问不记得了。

选段分析:鲁滨逊,论自助,傲慢与偏见,白鲸

分析大题:1. 盖茨比美国梦的破灭(看到这儿我哭了,因为盖茨比已经连续考三年了,我天真的以为这次不会考了,结果连续第四年考,而且是个大题)

2. 夏洛特三姐妹写作特点,和维多利亚时期的现实主义的区别

名词解释把星火的背完就差不多了,我当时可是背完又背,一把辛酸泪啊啊~

sparknotes真是个好网站,有大部分选读课文的详细分析,所以我选了部分做了详细笔记~

三。语言学

名词解释:performancesynchronic descriptionaffixdeictic wordssapir-whorf hypothesis

语言现象:backformation;根据所给的一列词找规律,写出另一列词代表的涵义;一个句子 he finds a puppy in a park(不确定)用两种方法分析a puppy 为什么是constituent;给了两个句子,识别划线部分的功能还是什么吧,这题应该是胡的书里的,没怎么看所以没印象了;母子的对话,illocutionary force

大题:分析grammar在语言习得中的作用;分析LAD

语言学今年真的很活啊有木有?以往的都没怎么考,画风走偏哎~

四。法语

这次考的很基础,介词填空里基本上没有眼生的动词搭配,s\'opposer a , etre gentil avec,国名介词,parsans等等;

单选也很基础,要注意总结性数搭配的各种情况,还有冠词省略、反义疑问句的回答这种很基础的东西反而容易忽略,还有个印象很深的是考了0度以下的表达法;

阅读前几个是类似公告或告示的短篇,推断场合、目的等等,会有一些生词影响理解,较简单;

时态填空没太大难度,把各个时态的写法记牢,特别是不规则动词的变位(尤其是虚拟式)要经常重复记忆,第一题印象很深的是写venir的第二人称命令式,华丽丽的把s去掉了,锤地……

作文是介绍一本喜欢的书,分值竟然涨到20。大家不会写的可以多背范文 然后多练写句子 不能只靠押题哦~

总之,积累动介词搭配,总结错题,法语规则和例外很多,要细心再细心!

愿大家都会有个美好而灿烂的未来~



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